(Alenquer 1502-1574 Alenquer)
Portuguese humanist philosopher
Born in 1502, into an aristocratic family, Damião de Góis was the son of Rui Dias and fourth wife, Isabel Gomes de Limi. As a child, Damião de Góis served as a page under King Manuel I of Portugal, where the young boy became acquainted with several court officials, including that of the royal envoy to Ethiopia. Under Manuel I’s successor, King John III of Portugal, de Góis was sent to Antwerp in 1523 as secretary and treasurer of the Portuguese commercial office of the Portuguese Indies, entrusted with some diplomatic responsibilities by the age of 21.
In 1531, de Góis enrolled in the University of Leuven and 1532 he published his first printed work, an appendix in regards to the treatment of Laplanders (indigenous nomadic Scandinavians) and the oppression they experienced by their lords. In 1533, he visited Desiderius Erasmus in Freiburg. The two met up the following year where Erasmus invited de Góis to be a guest in his home. In 1534, after his stay with Erasmus, de Góis arrived in Padua. Thanks to the friendship of Erasmus, de Góis was given a formal introduction to Pietro Bembo.
In 1545, he returned to Lisbon where he would later be appointed as Guarda Mor (Higher Guardian) of the Torre do Tombo(Royal Archives).
In 1540, he published the famous Fides, religio, moresque Aethiopum (“Ethiopian faith, religion, and mores”) which received a widespread diffusion in Europe. The book enjoyed a succession of edition and the curious eye of the Grand Inquisitor. Damião de Góis would soon become a suspect in the Inquisition. The Provincial Superior, Simão Rodrigues, accused him of Lutheranism, stating his devotee to Erasmus and added friendship of Philipp Melanchthon.
Between 1571 and 1572, de Góis was tried and convicted of heresy and would die two years later under mysterious circumstances.
The restoration of the Damiano De Goes canvas has been supported by Ordine dei Dottori Commercialisti e degli Esperti Contabili di Padova